Everything You Need to Know About Radon

When purchasing a home you will be asked what inspections you wish to have done. Among these optional inspections is a radon inspection. Do you fully understand what radon is and how harmful it can be?

  1. What is radon?
    Radon is a naturally occurring gas caused by the decaying of uranium in the earth. It cannot be seen, smelled, or tasted though trace amounts can be found all over the globe.
  2. How dangerous is it?
    Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States according to the EPA. It is estimated that radon is the cause for 15,000 to 22,000 deaths per year. For smokers, the risk of lung cancer after long term radon exposure is increased by 9 times.
  3. How much radon is too much?
    The EPA considers radon levels below 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/L) acceptable. The World Health Organization considers levels below 2.7 pCi/L acceptable. Most people choose to take action to mitigate radon levels at 2 pCi/L. Keep in mind that radon levels can fluctuate throughout the year so testing a few times may be beneficial.
  4. How do you test for radon?
    There are 2 ways to test for radon; digital or chemical. The most common is digital testing. You can buy DIY testing kits or hire a professional company to come test the property. DIY digital tests require a power source and can give instant results at any time. Another option is to purchase a chemical testing kit and place the kit in the home for a predetermined time period. Once this timeframe is up, you seal the test and send it to a company for testing.
  5. How do you mitigate radon?
    There are several techniques for mitigating radon. Step one is typically to seal any cracks or gaps in the foundation of the home. Cracks in concrete slabs, basement floors or basement walls must be sealed with a good concrete repair caulk to reduce the seepage of gas into the home. If the home has a sump crock, it will need to be sealed and vented outside.

While radon is everywhere, it is easy to test for and mitigate if necessary. Keep this in the back of your mind when purchasing a new home but remember not to let it stress you out during an already stressful time.

Happy Spring!



While it may still be cold here in Cleveland, it is officially spring! If you’re like me, once the excitement for the upcoming cookout and bonfires subsides, your next thought is spring cleaning. Most areas have a weekend for “cleanup days” or “dumpster days” where residents of that neighborhood can drop off bulk amounts of trash and recyclables. You can look this up online and utilize this free service.

Here are some great tips for spring cleaning your home:

I love to cook so my kitchen gets quite a bit of use. Get a good grease removing cleaner and wipe down all your cabinets. Especially the ones around your stove. Speaking of your stove, now is a great time to clean your appliances! You can clean your washing machine and dishwasher with white vinegar and baking soda. Run a clean cycle in your oven with an oven cleaning spray, and wipe out your refrigerator and microwave.

Do some dusting under and behind furniture and be sure to dust all your ceiling fans. You can then go through and deep clean your floors. If you don’t have a carpet cleaner, you can rent one from Home Depot, Giant Eagle, and other local stores. If you have a steam mop that’s great for tile and linoleum. If not, some good ole soap and water will do the trick. For hardwoods floors, my favorite cleaner is Bona.

Wash your windows with soap and water then dry them with another towel. You can also go to an auto parts store and get a window squeegee which will work great. While you’re washing your windows, throw your curtains in the washing machine. You’d be surprised how much dust gathers in them. You can wipe your screens with a towel or take them out of the window and spray them with soapy water and a hose.

Well, that is my go to spring cleaning list. Happy spring cleaning!

Types of Mortgage Loans

Buying a home can be a confusing process. Especially when it comes to picking the right mortgage for you. This is something that your mortgage loan originator (MLO) can help you with. To give you a head start at understanding the different types of loans, I am going to share the basics of each loan type. Note: The eligibility and requirements for loans is on a lender-to-lender basis.

Conventional, Fixed Rate: Conventional loans offer some great perks. Down payments as low as 3%, however, if you make a 20% down payment, you don’t have to purchase mortgage insurance. Mortgage insurance is cancelable when home equity reaches 20% and mortgage insurance is offered at a lower cost compared to FHA loans. The minimum required credit score is 620. Conventional loans allow for all occupancy types, including primary residence, second home, and investment properties.

FHA: An FHA loan is the most common loan type, especially among new home buyers. The minimum down payment required is 3.5% of the purchase price. However, some institutions offer special programs that can lower your down payment. Your total monthly mortgage payment cannot exceed 30% of your gross monthly income. You must have consistent employment for 2 years and verifiable income. Eligible properties for an FHA loan are a home with 1-4 units, a condominium unit, or a manufactured home that sits on a permanent foundation. These loans require mortgage insurance which helps protect the lender from losses due to defaults on mortgage loans.

FHA 203(k): This is a renovation loan. Say you want to buy a fixer upper or the home you wish to purchase is not exactly in its glory, this would be the loan for you. It adds the cost of repairs into the loan amount so you don’t have to have the cash on hand for the fix-ups. Some of the repairs that can be included in this loan are roofs, flooring, basement/attic finishing, plumbing, electrical, bathroom/kitchen modernization and window/door replacement. FHA 203(k) loans require a minimum of $5,000 in needed repairs but have no maximum limitations. The repairs need to be quoted and executed by a licensed contractor.

VA (Veterans Affairs): VA loans do not require a down payment and limits your closing costs. VA loans also do not require you to purchase mortgage insurance although some implement a funding fee. There is no penalty to pay the loan off early. You must be the personal occupant of the home, have sufficient income and suitable credit. There are many other eligibility requirements for VA loans. To find out if you qualify, contact your MLO.

For more information, to see if you qualify, or for any other mortgage related questions, feel free to contact:

Michael Poldruhi
CrossCountry Mortgage, Inc
Direct: (440) 375-1040
Cell: (216) 906-3833
Email: mpoldruhi@myccmortgage.com

Moving Checklist

It can be very overwhelming making sure everything runs smooth on moving day. Use this checklist to help keep everything in order:

  • Once everything is moved out, do a sweep of all closets, cupboards, basement, and attic spaces to make sure nothing is forgotten.
  • Put a note on the doors at the new house stating which room it is. Label boxes so the moving crew know which room to put them in.
  • Be sure to mark boxes with breakable items as “fragile”.
  • Consider holding a yard sale or donating to charity old or unwanted items to avoid cluttering your new home.
  • If moving into a new district, be sure to register your kids for school.
  • Call all your current utility companies to schedule termination of service and call all your new utility companies to schedule activation of new service. Services to include could be gas, electric, water, trash, cable and internet, lawn service, and alarm company.
  • Notify your post office of the change of address. You’ll also have to change your billing address on all credit cards and notify your bank, healthcare provider and health insurance company, get a new driver’s license and passport, and don’t forget your friends and family!
  • Unpack your everyday essentials first. Things like toiletries, a few days worth of clothes, dishes, bedding, and electronics chargers.
  • Leaving pets or small children with a sitter on moving day can give you one less worry on an already busy day.

Protect Your Pets This Winter

If you’re like me, your pets are your children and you want them to be safe, healthy, and comfortable. With winter (unfortunately) fast approaching and the predictions of a very cold winter this year, I wanted to share some of the ASPCA’s best tips for protecting your pets in the months to come.

  • Repeatedly going from the cold air to the dry heat in the house can cause flaky, itchy skin. Keep your home humidified and towel dry your pet as soon as they come inside. Be sure to pay special attention to the feet and remove any snowballs stuck to their pads or between the toes.
  • You want to avoid bathing as much as possible in the cold months. However, you should wash your dogs feet and stomach after going for walks to remove ice, salt, and chemicals. Use pet friendly ice melts whenever possible.
  • Massaging your pets paws with petroleum jelly or other paw protectants can help protect from salt and chemical agents.
  • Pets burn extra energy when trying to stay warm. Feeding them a little extra will provide them with much needed calories, and making sure they have plenty of water will keep them well hydrated and keep their skin moisturized. Also, make sure your companion has a warm place to sleep away from drafty doors and windows. A soft pet bed with a warm blanket or pillow is perfect.

Remember, if it’s too cold for you, it’s probably too cold for your pet. Keep them safe and warm inside and never leave them in a cold car. Cars can get dangerously hot in the summer and can act like refrigerators in the winter. For more information visit aspca.org

Preparing Your Home For Sale

Many sellers underestimate the importance of staging their home. This doesn’t necessarily mean renting furniture and redecorating. Clean, uncluttered homes sell. A dirty house can take thousands of dollars off your sale price. Buyers want to walk in and instantly envision living there. Where will their furniture go? Will all their clothes fit in the closet? Is there enough wall space for their family photos? If your house is full it will be harder for the buyer to visualize their belongings in it.

Here are some key things to do to prepare your home to sell:

  1. Take your personal photos and decorations off the walls. This will give the buyer the open wall space to envision their own photos and decorations.
  2. Clear all the clothes out of the closets except this season’s wardrobe. It will make the closets look bigger.
  3. Paint everything a neutral color. Neutral colors will help potential buyers envision their own style and plan for the future.
  4. Spruce up the landscaping. The outside of your house is the first thing buyers see when they arrive to preview your home. Pulling the weeds and laying down some mulch can go a long way for giving a buyer a good first impression.
  5. Spend some time deep cleaning. You may not notice that all the light switches are turning black or the range is splattered with grease but your buyers will.

Following these 5 steps will help ensure you sell your home quickly and for top dollar!

The Home Buying Process

Buying a house can be confusing and stressful. Especially for first time home buyers. Understanding the home buying process will make you feel more comfortable and ensure everything goes a little smoother.

The first step is to get pre approved for financing. This is very important for a few reasons. Knowing how much you are pre approved to borrow will determine the price range you should be searching in. Things like credit, financial history, and your debt to income ratio determine how much your lending institution will allow you to borrow. Don’t waste your time looking at houses that are out of your price range. Having a pre approval letter will also put you in a stronger position to close earlier and negotiate a better price. Sellers are less likely to negotiate with a buyer that is not pre approved because they have no assurances that you will be able to afford the cost of their house.

After you’re pre approved and you’ve hired a realtor (when purchasing a house, a realtors services cost you nothing, that’s right, NOTHING, so why wouldn’t you?!), you’re ready to begin looking for that perfect house. This can be a short and easy process or a long process depending on your needs/wants and what is available on the market at the time. One thing that can help speed up this process is separating your needs from your wants. You might want a finished basement but if there are no current houses with finished basements in your price range are you willing to settle for unfinished then plan to finish it in the future?

So, you’ve found the perfect house, your realtor has gone through negotiations, and you have a signed contract. Now what? Once the purchase agreement (PA) is signed you apply for your loan. This is different than getting pre approved and must be done within 3 days of signing the purchase agreement. Next comes the inspections. Unless the county you’re buying in requires a certain inspection such as a septic inspection, you can opt in or opt out of any inspections. Most common inspections are the general home inspection which is always highly recommended, mold, radon, septic if the home has a septic system. Unless negotiated and stated in the PA, the inspections are paid by the buyer at the time of the inspection. After inspections are completed and all requested repairs, if any, are made by the seller, the lender then orders the appraisal. As long as the appraisal comes back at or above the purchase price, you’re on your way to closing!

On average it takes 30-45 days from contract to close. Be patient and don’t hesitate to talk to your realtor or lender about any questions or concerns you have along the way. After all, that’s what they’re there for!